There are over one hundred varieties of maple trees and they grow over a very wide range of territory including Norway. Many are native varieties which can be planted in your yard for shade.They make excellent shade trees and can grow anywhere from ten feet to over one hundred feet tall. The canopy can be very wide as well, probably one of the reasons they are such a popular shade tree.
They have what are called 'keys' that spin and fall during the autumn, to seed or be eaten the following year. Many animals like the seeds, and can use them as a resource during the winter.
They all turn color in the fall, and the color of the leaves can range from light yellow to a deep and beautiful red. Some even have a red tint on the stems beginning in fall and lasting through the spring. These are usually the new branches beginning to sprout. Some also have a red flower and berry.
This maple will be red during the spring when sprouting leaves and turn a deep red as the 'sugar' in them is affected by frost in the fall. The red maple can be found all along the eastern sea-board, and the south as far as Texas, but not much further. They can exist in a variety of soils from swamp conditions to slightly dry ones.
The silver maple has a fairly large leaf spread and has a frosty or silver under-leaf that is beautiful and quite striking in a breeze or wind. It has sugar like the other varieties and 'bleeds' but is not well known for being used as a product for maple syrup.
It is the sugar maple that is most commonly found in the Northwestern United States, and is the source of the familiar maple syrup that farmers harvest in very early spring. This is still cooked by hand in some areas of the Northwest and you can often smell it when traveling in Vermont and Main as well as other parts of the 'original colonies'.
The October glory maple has red flowers in spring and red berries that the animals love. It generally grows to be about thirty feet tall and is a rapidly growing maple.
This maple grows all over the northern/southern region of the country, mostly in the northern half of the U.S. from east to west. It like other maples tends to have knots that woodworkers make into furniture.
All maples are popular for wood-making; some have harder woods than others. The red sunset maple also has red flowers in spring, and berries as well. Birds and animals love them.
They are often planted along highways because they are a rather hardy tree. The benefit of this maple is that it will grow all the way from the Northern border of the U.S. to the Southern border.
It is loved by just about any gardener or homeowner, because it takes little care once it is established. One negative thing about maples is that they may invade underground pipes and plumbing, but some varieties have shallow roots and are not a problem.
However, if you live along the coast perhaps you might prefer one of the deep rooted species. Whichever maple you choose, you will enjoy the many advantages of maples for a lifetime.